The authoritative collection of source documents on the Holocaust

The 16-volume PMJ series of historical documents in English translation provides unique insights into the persecution and murder of the Jews under Nazi rule throughout Europe. 

5500 documents

translated into English from 21 languages.

Over 400 archives

and private collections worldwide represented in the series.

Geographical scope

covering the German Reich and the whole of Nazi-dominated Europe.

Multiple perspectives

offered by myriad sources, including diaries, newspapers, minutes, posters, correspondence, regulations, etc.

Around 10,000 biographies

of victims, perpetrators, and third parties, plus annotations providing context for the people and events mentioned.

Over 45 maps

detailing the territories in Europe under Nazi influence.

‘This series helps us to know, sense, and understand the horror and suffering that Germans inflicted on Jews throughout Europe – from Norway to Greece, and from France to Russia.’

Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Federal President of Germany
A Stolperstein memorial block for Fritz Rosenfelder, who chose to end his life rather than suffer further humiliations under the Nazi regime. Photo credit: Croesch; licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

Documents in the spotlight

What makes the PMJ series so special?

See for yourself. Each month, our Spotlight section showcases one translated document and a scan of the corresponding original  to give you a sense of what the PMJ series offers. Check back often for new content and more insights.

Spotlight
Volume 1  –  document 36

Jüdische Rundschau, 25 April 1933: article on the suicide of a Jew with German nationalist convictions

Personal tragedy

We received correspondence from Stuttgart: of the cases that reveal how current events are driving Jewish people to take their own lives,1On the increase in suicides among German Jews, see Doc. 41, 9 May 1933. there is one from Stuttgart worth mentioning given its accompanying circumstances. A young retailer, 31 years of age,2Fritz Rosenfelder (1901–1933), retailer; partner in the firm Moritz Rosenfelder, 1932; sports coach of the gymnastics league in Bad Cannstatt. an enthusiastic supporter of German gymnastics and sport and squad leader of a gymnastics association, living a settled life, has shot himself dead. Among his papers was a marked news item on the decision by the German Gymnastics Association to introduce the Aryan Paragraph,3On 8/9 April 1933 the main committee of the German Gymnastics Association voted to introduce the Aryan Paragraph. On the events in the German Gymnastics Association, see Doc. 61, 1 July 1933, and Doc. 80, 23 Sept. 1933 as well as the following letter addressed to his friends.
 
     My dear friends,

I’m bidding you a final farewell! A German Jew could not bring himself to live with the awareness that he is regarded as a traitor to the fatherland by the movement by which nationalist Germany is hoping to be saved! I go without hatred or resentment. I cherish a deep wish – may reason soon call a halt to this! And because, until such a point, I am unable to do anything at all based on my way of thinking, I am attempting by virtue of my suicide to shake up my Christian friends. You might be able to recognize from this step I am taking how things look now for us German Jews. How much more gladly would I have given up my life for my fatherland! Do not mourn, but try to raise awareness of the situation, and help the truth to prevail.
          In that way you will do me the greatest honour!
          Your F…4Footnote in the original: ‘At the request of the family, the name is to remain anonymous.’

This case and this letter typify a phenomenon repeatedly observed during these days: in these times of severe turmoil, the Jew whose life revolves around the fact that he has switched off his Jewishness is more defenceless than someone who is somehow metaphysically bound to Judaism, whether by faith or by blood. F. wanted to die as a witness to his Germandom, but through his death he has, beyond his knowledge and wishes, also become a witness to the cause of Judaism.5Der Stürmer printed the suicide note on its front page under the heading ‘Der tote Jude’ (‘The Dead Jew’), gave his full name, and commented on the suicide with the caption ‘Fritz Rosenfelder is sensible and hangs himself’: Der Stürmer, no. 30, July 1933, pp. 1–2. 

This document is part of:
German Reich 1933–1937 (Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter, 2019)

Get to know our volumes

The PMJ volumes contain thousands of translated historical source documents relating to the persecution and murder of the European Jews by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945.

Each volume covers a specific geographical area, time frame, and set of languages ranging from German, French, and Dutch to Polish, Yiddish, and Russian. To find the relevant volume for your research, visit our Volumes page to download the lists of documents and specialist maps that have been produced for the PMJ series.

Reviews
‘The selection of documents reaches deep into the texture of the history that they reflect. […] The depth of the selection beyond these well-known documents is astonishing. […] an outstandingly diverse, extremely useful, and profoundly engaging source on the annihilation of the European Jews […].’
Peter Black
Holocaust and Genocide Studies
‘Reading the first 300 pages, it is difficult to put the volume down. The sources exert a powerful force. The documents present a panorama of the antisemitic policies of the Nazi regime, of defamation, violence, and denunciation. These are moving testimonies of helplessness and despair, of bitter disappointment, but also of the defiant pride of the persecuted.’
Andreas Mix
Berliner Zeitung
‘An excellent and internationally recognized series.’
Horvath Sz. Ferenc
Neokohn
‘All the sources are edited with care and supplemented with expertly researched annotations.’
Manfred Gailus
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
‘Reading the first 300 pages, it is difficult to put the volume down. The sources exert a powerful force.’
Arno Widmann
Frankfurter Rundschau
‘The selection of documents reaches deep into the texture of the history that they reflect. […] The depth of the selection beyond these well-known documents is astonishing. […] an outstandingly diverse, extremely useful, and profoundly engaging source on the annihilation of the European Jews […].’
Peter Black
Holocaust and Genocide Studies
‘Reading the first 300 pages, it is difficult to put the volume down. The sources exert a powerful force. The documents present a panorama of the antisemitic policies of the Nazi regime, of defamation, violence, and denunciation. These are moving testimonies of helplessness and despair, of bitter disappointment, but also of the defiant pride of the persecuted.’
Andreas Mix
Berliner Zeitung
‘An excellent and internationally recognized series.’
Horvath Sz. Ferenc
Neokohn
‘All the sources are edited with care and supplemented with expertly researched annotations.’
Manfred Gailus
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
‘Reading the first 300 pages, it is difficult to put the volume down. The sources exert a powerful force.’
Arno Widmann
Frankfurter Rundschau
‘The selection of documents reaches deep into the texture of the history that they reflect. […] The depth of the selection beyond these well-known documents is astonishing. […] an outstandingly diverse, extremely useful, and profoundly engaging source on the annihilation of the European Jews […].’
Peter Black
Holocaust and Genocide Studies
‘Reading the first 300 pages, it is difficult to put the volume down. The sources exert a powerful force. The documents present a panorama of the antisemitic policies of the Nazi regime, of defamation, violence, and denunciation. These are moving testimonies of helplessness and despair, of bitter disappointment, but also of the defiant pride of the persecuted.’
Andreas Mix
Berliner Zeitung
‘An excellent and internationally recognized series.’
Horvath Sz. Ferenc
Neokohn
‘All the sources are edited with care and supplemented with expertly researched annotations.’
Manfred Gailus
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
‘Reading the first 300 pages, it is difficult to put the volume down. The sources exert a powerful force.’
Arno Widmann
Frankfurter Rundschau

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